Fungal Infections Doctor Brandon, FL
What is a fungal infection?
While there are some forms of fungi that do not appear to have any negative effects on the human body, others can cause infections. Anyone could get a fungal infection, as fungi are present in the environment. However, those with weak immune systems are most likely to be affected.
“In humans, fungal infections occur when an invading fungus takes over an area of the body and is too much for the immune system to handle.” (https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/317970.php) For example, one form of fungi known as dermatophytes feed on the keratin in hair, skin, and nails. Fungal infections are common and are treated based upon the type of infection you have.
Types of fungal infections and fungal infection symptoms
Tinea Pedis (Athlete’s foot): This is the most common fungal infection and is spread by direct contact to the feet, normally in wet areas. Noticeable symptoms include peeling or flaking, itching, scaling, or even blisters on the feet.
Onychomycosis (Tinea unguium, nail fungus): A fungal infection of the fingernails or toenails, onychomycosis is often difficult to recognize and alleviate, as there are few symptoms. This fungus resembles other fungal infections, bacterial infections, or conditions of the nails. Yellow or cloudy nails are the most obvious symptom. These toenail infections can be related to tinea pedis. This condition is more common in those with diabetes. Diabetics with foot problems should consult their doctors to avoid further risks.
Tinea Cruris (Jock itch): This fungal infection of the groin can also be known as ringworm of the groin. Jock itch is more common in men than women and can develop from another fungal infection. For example, if a person has athlete’s foot and the waistband of their pants come into contact with their feet, that infection can spread to the groin. Jock itch is spread by direct contact with skin or unwashed clothing. Symptoms include itching and red, raised, scaly patches.
Tinea Corporis (Ringworm): A common fungal infection that received its name by causing a circular or ring-shaped rash. This fungus can live on a variety of surfaces including skin, household items, shower, or pool surfaces. Pets can be carriers of this fungus, and it can be transmitted through soil. Symptoms include itchy skin, a ring-shaped rash, hair loss, and red, scaly, cracked skin.
Tinea Capitis (Scalp ringworm): This is the most common dermatophytosis (type of fungus that feeds on keratin) in children. This fungal infection affects the scalp and hair, and generally appears as a red, circular bald spot that may itch or produce scales. This bald spot may grow or spread if the infection worsens. Overcrowding and poor hygiene contribute to the spread of scalp ringworm. Other symptoms may include swollen lymph nodes, brittle hair, a low-grade fever, and scalp pain.
Fungal Infection Treatments
Tinea Pedis: Treatment options include anti-fungal creams and prescription medication for more serious cases.
Onychomycosis: Treatment may involve topical nail lacquer or oral anti-fungal medication.
Tinea Cruris: Depending on the severity, over the counter antifungal or drying powders may be used. For more severe cases, your dermatologist may prescribe a stronger topical or oral antifungal treatment.
Tinea Corporis: Ringworm resembles other conditions, so your doctor may decide to take a skin sample. Over the counter creams and ointments may be used in mild cases. For more severe instances, your dermatologist may provide a prescription.
Tinea Capitis: Treatment may include oral medication and medicated shampoo.
It’s recommended that people stay away from sharing towels or clothing. Another way to prevent fungal infections is to avoid walking barefoot in public places. Also, as much as possible, try to keep your skin clean and dry.
Fungal Infection Treatment in Litha and Valrico, FL
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