What is Medical Dermatology?
Dermatology is the branch of medicine concerned with treating the skin. Dermatologists study, diagnose, treat, and strive to prevent diseases related to the skin, hair, nails, and mucous membranes.
Medical dermatology differs from cosmetic dermatology in that the latter focuses on aesthetics while medical dermatology aims to improve the patient’s skincare. Dermatologists diagnose and treat over 3,000 different conditions and diseases including Atypical moles, Dermatitis, Eczema, Fungal Infections, Melasma, Molluscum, Psoriasis, Rosacea, Skin Cancer, and Skin Inflammation.
- Acne is a common skin condition that can affect anyone, although the majority of cases occur during the teenage years.
- Atypical moles, also known as dysplastic moles occur in about 10 percent of the population. These are larger than common moles and typically present with discoloration and/or irregular shape. Atypical moles can be considered pre-cancerous, and are generally treated by removing the mole.
- The term Eczema can be used for various types of skin inflammation. Atopic dermatitis is the most common form; other types of Eczema include contact Eczema, Seborrheic Eczema, Nummular Eczema, Neurodermatitis, Stasis dermatitis, and Dyshidrotic eczema. Eczema is common in general, but can occur at any age. It is treated through a proper skin care routine, sometimes combined with prescription medication.
- Fungal Infections can occur on the top layer of your skin, your scalp, your groin, or your feet. Most fungal infections are not life threatening, but you should see your doctor as they can lead to more serious bacterial infections. Fungal infections can be treated with oral or topical antifungal medications and patients should take care to avoid reinfection.
- Melasma is a common skin condition that presents in the form of brown or gray spots, which develop on the face. Melasma occurs most frequently in woman with darker skin and those who have had a blood relative with the disease. Melasma can occur after sun exposure or a change in hormones. Melasma can fade in time; however, some people are affected long term or even throughout their lives. There are medicinal treatment options to lighten these spots.
- Psoriasis is a chronic disease of the immune system where the body produces skin cells too rapidly. Psoriasis is not contagious and cannot be cured, however, the condition can be managed and some have experienced clearing of the skin. Treatment options include topical therapy, light therapy, oral or injected medications. It’s important to take an active role in managing Psoriasis; your dermatologist can work with you to find treatment options that fit your lifestyle.
- Rosacea is a common skin condition that can present in the form of facial redness, swollen red bumps, eye problems, or the enlargement of the nose. Although many segments of the population could be affected, those who most commonly get Rosacea are fair-skinned people over 30. Women are more commonly affected than men, and although most patients are between 30-50, children can also get Rosacea. Treatment plans can be tailored to the patient; this generally includes a combination of skin care and prescription treatments.
- Skin Cancer is an abnormal growth of skin cells, often in areas that have been exposed to the sun. The three major types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma. The treatment options vary with the type of skin cancer. It’s important to wear sunscreen and protective clothing when you’re going to be exposed to UV rays.
Medical Dermatology Treatment in Lithia and Valrico, FL
For more information on medical dermatology in the Lithia, Valrico, and Brandon, FL area visit our office or Click Here to schedule an appointment. Alternatively, you can call us at 813.530.6511. We’re here to help with your medical dermatology needs.